Posts tagged Buckingham
For many, the Big Ben – the clock tower as it is commonly and erroneously known (it is actually the name of the bell inside) – is the most iconic image of London. A symbol of the Houses of Parliament, reminiscent of the debate in the rooms below, where 646 members and more than 700 bishops and Gentlemen loudly carry on the business of government. The nation expects to find midnight on December 31 to celebrate the start of each new year. Protesters against the state occasionally try to climb the 96m (315 feet) – and sometimes succeed.
Another name for the Parliament, the Palace of Westminster, alludes to the complex history of British democracy that has evolved over the centuries by the dominant domain of tribal chiefs, royalty and the Church in a government of elected representatives of the people. Thus, the medieval building that stood on the site until the 19th century, in which they were made the basis of the modern system of Edward I’s Model Parliament of 1295 was also the headquarters of British monarchs until 1530.
Survived the Gunpowder Plot in 1605 by a group of Catholics intent on blowing up the Protestant King James I in the Palace of Westminster was almost completely destroyed by fire in 1834. Westminster Hall, which dates back to 1097, has survived and is the oldest part of the building today.
William IV offered Buckingham Palace as a replacement, but the Parliament wanted to hang at the site of major river that William the Conqueror had made his base of nearly 800 years ago. Public debate on what the style should be used for the new building has been fierce. It should be a fitting emblem of a country with an empire on which “the sun never sets.” A neo-classical design, such as the White House or the U.S. Congress, was excluded because of connotations of revolutionary or a republican. In 1836, after studying 98 proposals, a Royal Commission chose Charles Barry’s plan for a Gothic palace that embody a welcome dose of conservatism.
Democracy in Britain has started to come of age in 1918 when the vote was given to all men 21 and women over 30, if women had to wait 10 years for equal rights. Even now continues to grow: in Tony Blair’s premiership, the power has been devolved to Scotland, Wales and Northem Ireland in 1999, while the shape of the Second Chamber, the House of Lords, is unstable.
UK residents can arrange free guided tours of Parliament for the whole year through their MP or a gentleman, visitors from abroad have to pay and can only tour during the summer when Parliament is in session, but may participate in discussions throughout the year. Both tours last about 75 minutes and includes the Houses of Commons and Lords debating, as well as the Queen’s Robing Room. The official opening of Parliament, where the reigning monarch presents the government’s plans for members of both the House of Lords and Commons, is a colorful ceremony usually takes place in November.
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Buckingham Palace has a history stretching back over 500 years and has changed hands several times, but still part of the building that remains standing today is the original structure built in the early 1700′s. Just as the building has changed and developed since the early 1700?
In principle Buckingham Palace was originally known as Buckingham House. However in 1762 George III liked the house, so that led him to € 28,000 and renamed Queen’s House. The reason for this was the fact that he brought the house to give to his wife Charlotte. Shortly after this work has started early, in order to renovate the house with the help of Sir William Chambers. This trend continued with the accession of George IV in 1820 when he decided to rebuild the house, but he still used for the same purpose as his father did.
One of the biggest physical changes to the house was not the case a few years later, when the king had a change of mentality. It ‘was in 1826 that King George IV set to turn the house into what is known today, Buckingham Palace. He did so with the help of an architect known as John Nash.
The work that Nash carried out involved the doubling of the size of the main block by adding a new suite of rooms overlooking the garden facing west. He then dealt with this soft Bath stone, which reflects the influence of French neo-classical, favored by George IV. Many of the rooms Nash added that today virtually unchanged.
Another big change for the building took place in 1837, on the other hand this change was the main use of the building. I refer of course to the fact Queen Victoria was the first monarch to take up residence in July 1837. Since that decision was taken on the building continued to be the home of the British monarchy over the years and during these years continued to be changed and reshaped, as in 1913, when the decision was made to rectify the facade.
Sir Aston Webb created a new design, involving Portland Stone. This took 12 months to prepare before any construction work began after the construction work was started it took 13 weeks to complete. This process involved removing the old stone and rebuilding it. Even the gates and railings that are around Buckingham Palace were built in 1911. This means that all major work was completed before the First World War in 1914.
Today Buckingham Palace
The building as it stands today, it acts not only as the London residence of Her Majesty the Queen, but also as the administrative headquarters of the Royal House. And ‘one of the few buildings that remain in the real working world today. The state rooms have been extensively used by the Queen and members of the Royal Family as a way to receive and entertain guests on occasions of state, ceremonial and official.
About 50,000 visitors each year are held at Palace garden parties, receptions, banquets and the public. However it is not only invited guests who get to see inside the building. In August and September visits to the Queen in Scotland and in this period of nineteen rooms in the palace are open to visitors.
Buckingham Palace is a huge tourist attraction and is a lot of British history. It is a monument that has been around for 500 years and will continue to be here long into the future, but will be here for as long as the British Monarchy. The above is the story of the building, but this will only continue to grow until the building is located.
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