Posts tagged record
For something so large, it may seem strange to have a section called ‘discovery’, how could the Sphinx – which is 71 meters high and six feet wide – has never been hidden?
Due to its location in the desert, the Great Sphinx of Giza has spent most of his 5000 years of history buried under huge mounds of sand. Although excavations have been several attempts throughout history, it was not until 1925 that the benchmark has been completely excavated and free of sand.
It was only when the excavation was complete comprehensive modern history of intrigue and fascination with the Sphinx began. It is a love that goes beyond the academic Egyptologists, the Sphinx is one of the most visited monuments in Egypt.
Guardian of the Dead
It is believed – although not definitely known – that the Sphinx sits as a guardian over the Pyramids of Giza. The site, known as the necropolis of Giza, the famous pyramid offers the same name built by Pharaoh Khafre area in 2500 BC. As pyramids are tombs for burial in the first place great dignity, it seems to make sense that the Sphinx was built to guard and would-be thieves graverobbers, a persistent problem in ancient Egyptian times.
However, the exact date or reason for the construction of the Sphinx is relatively unknown. There are many theories, and some scientific study of its possible duration, but nothing specific has ever been fully deducted. Is not mentioned in any form of written record. a general consensus in the modern Egyptology is that the Sphinx is about 5000 years.
If I forgive the terrible pun, it’s time to explore one of the most intriguing aspects of the structure: who owns the face? Most Egyptian architecture and sculpture depicts a specific person – usually the Pharaoh, or a member of the royal dynasty – so it is widely believed that the face of the Sphinx is actually based on a person.
There are many, many theories, from which it would be hard to extrapolate a particular consensus among Egyptologists. Some believe that the face is that of Khafre, who built the Great Pyramid of Giza, while others are equally insistent that the face is to Chephron, the predecessor of Khafre’s. In essence, however, nobody knows.
The other interesting aspect of the face is the nose of the Sphinx, or lack thereof. There are many rumors surrounding the nose of the Sphinx, I realized that it had taken off during the Napoleonic wars, although this is largely thought to be a myth. general consensus suggests that the nose has been dropped or has been hacked off by thieves, some 2,500 years ago.
Considering these basic facts about the Sphinx is unknown, its place in Egyptian history is even more impressive. About 5,000 years after it was built, still stands guard over the tombs designed to keep his secrets to himself.
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Trekking to Everest to continue to capture the imagination of mountaineers and trekkers from around the world. Since its discovery, hundreds of shipments have been made to the highest mountain in the world. Some have ended in disaster, others have found new routes to the record high reached or significant. Here are five of the most famous expeditions to Everest …
1924 – The expedition Mallory
The famous English explorer and mountaineer George Mallory had made a previous attempt the summit in 1922, an expedition which met with disaster when seven porters, died in an avalanche. In 1924, he returned to Everest base camp determined to make the top, causing one of the most famous and tragic expeditions in the history of the mountain.
On June 8, 1924, George Mallory, next to his climbing partner Andrew Irvine, made his second attempt, and ultimately unsuccessful on the top of Everest. Trekking and climbing on dangerous ground, were identified by Noel Odell (another member of the expedition) on what seemed to be the second step, a few hours after the ascent of the summit itself. Either Mallory or Irvine had down. Mallory’s body was finally discovered in 1999, but Irvine has never been found. Debate rages on in the mountaineering community as to whether or not one of them made the summit before his death.
1953 – First ascent of success
29 years after the shipment Mallory, Edmund Hillary (a New Zealand climber) and Tenzing Norgay (Sherpa Nepalese one) has finally made the first confirmed ascent of Mount Everest. Their journey to Mount Everest was part of a British expedition in March 1953 it was finally determined to conquer the highest mountain in the world. Settled in Base Camp, two members of the expedition (Tom Bourdillon and Charles Evans) made the first attempt, but were driven back 300 meters from the summit due to bad weather and a faulty oxygen system. Two days later, on May 29, 1953, Hillary and Tenzing made up, becoming the first man to climb the highest point on Earth. On his return from the summit, Hillary met with her partner George Lowe and said simply. “Well, George, we beat the bastard off”
1980 – First solo ascent
In 1980, the veteran Italian climber Reinhold Messner Everest trek had put a record already in 1978, he and his climbing partner Peter Habeler became the first climbers to climb Everest without using bottled oxygen, rejecting the demands of a large number of mountaineers and doctors of the time, he thought that this was impossible. In 1980 he founded another record, becoming the first solo ascent of Mount Everest (without oxygen).
1996 – Everest Disaster
1996 was a tragic year for the Everest trek – Fifteen people died, eight of them in one day, in what is the worst disaster on Everest to date.
On May 10, 1996, 30 climbers from Everest Base Camp party to make their attempts at the top. A series of delays and the large number of climbers making the ascent has meant that many reached the summit after 2:00 am, much later than is considered safe. During the descent, a sudden storm hit the mountain, burying the fixed ropes used in climbing and hiding the path back to base camp of Everest. Because of poor visibility mountaineers were quickly separated and lost, and eight of them died of exposure. More poignant was the case of Rob Hall – having stayed behind to try to help another member of the expedition was stranded on the south summit. It ‘been able to talk to his wife by satellite phone, saying: “Sleep well, my darling. Please, do not worry too much,” before he died soon after.
2004 – Ascent faster than ever
There are all types of records associated with climbing Mount Everest, in 2004 and Pemba Dorje (a Nepalese Sherpa) set an impressive one – the fastest ever ascent and descent of Everest success, making it return on the southeast ridge est in eight hours and ten minutes.
With plenty of records to break and even hundreds of climbers each year, determined to make the top, Everest trek will continue to create new heroes (and new tragedies) for the years to come.